Special Education is specially designed instruction, support and services provided to students with an identified disability requiring an individually designed instructional program to meet their unique learning needs. Special education and related services are available to eligible students of ages 2 through 25 at Vikas learning centre to students with ASD and paediatric neuro cases.
The IEP provides a description and action plan of what the child with disability requires in terms of services and supports necessary to learn. It is a prerequisite to receiving special education services.
Special educator just as the general education teacher offers knowledge and expertise relative to the general education curriculum. The special education teacher has more in depth background on how to teach learners with special needs. They use that knowledge and experience to offer ideas for modifying the curriculum, individualizing instruction, suggesting behavior management techniques, and presenting progress data. In many cases, the special education teacher is also the child case manager, he or she is responsible for organizing meetings and tracking goal progress throughout the school year.
What is special education?
What do you imagine when you think about special education? You might picture children with disabilities spending the day tucked away in a different kind of classroom, separated from most of the kids their age. This may have been the norm in the past. But as the field of special education has moved forward, much has changed.
Special education today is still focused on helping children with disabilities learn. But this no longer has to mean placing kids in a special classroom all day long. In fact, federal law requires that students who receive special education services be taught alongside their non-disabled peers as much as possible.
For example, some students with dyslexia may spend most of the day in a general education classroom. They may spend just an hour or two in a resource room working with a specialist on reading and other skills. Other students with dyslexia might need more support than that. And others might need to attend a different school that specializes in teaching kids with learning disabilities.
“Special education refers to a range of services that can be provided in different ways and in different settings.”
There is no “one size fits all” approach to special education. It’s tailored to meet each student’s needs. Special education refers to a range of services that can be provided in different ways and in different settings.
If your child qualifies for special education, he’ll receive individualized teaching and other key resources at no cost to you. The child will focus on his strengths as well as his challenges. And you’ll be an important member of the team that decides what he needs to make progress in school.
What disabilities are covered by special education?
IDEA covers 13 types of disabilities. These categories include autism, hearing impairment and intellectual disability (which used to be referred to as “mental retardation”). Another category, called “specific learning disability,” applies to many kids who have learning and attention issues.
A specific learning disability most often affects skills in reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning and doing math. Common learning issues in this category include:
- Dyslexia: Difficulty with reading, writing, spelling, speaking
- Dyscalculia: Difficulty doing math problems, understanding time and money, remembering math facts
- Dysgraphia: Difficulty with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas
- Dyspraxia: Difficulty with hand-eye coordination, balance, fine motor skills
- Auditory processing disorder: Difficulty interpreting what the ear hears (which is different from having a hearing impairment)
- Visual processing issues: Difficulty interpreting what the eye sees (which is different from having a visual impairment)
There’s a separate category called “other health impairment.” It’s defined as having limited strength or alertness, which affects educational performance. Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often covered by this category.
IEP must describe, discuss, and ultimately make recommendations with respect to;
Current performance, which is frequently called “present level of performance”
- Annual goal and objectives
- The behaviour intervention plan and functional behaviour Assessment, as needed
The IEP is written collaboratively with the faculty and parents of Vikas learning centre. The plan is executed and continuous assessments are done and modifications to the plan as deemed necessary are done to meet the needs of the child.